musically incline

Exam: 250450RR – The Middle Ages and the Renaissance 1. Who of the following wrote a morality play that could be likened to Star Wars and Lord of the Rings?A.  Guillaume de MachautB.   Hildegard von BingenC.  William ByrdD.  Thomas Weelkes2. An example of a percussion instrument is theA.  drum.B.   lute.C.  shawm.D.  violin.3. The early forms of notes in the Middle Ages are calledA.  neumes.B.   plainchants.C.  cadences.D.  melismas.4. The original version of _______ is for voices, with a text to be sung, but the common medieval practice of performing music involves using whatever instruments were at hand.A.  “I Can All Too Well Compare My Lady”B.   “Eagle Dance”C.  “He Who Gladly Serves”D.  “Behold, Spring”5. Accented notes that run against the regular pulse of the musical meter are referred to asA.  duple meter.B.   anapestic.C.  syncopated.D.  iambic.6. A single, long note held underneath a melodic line is known as aA.  drone bass.B.   phrase.C.  plainchant.D.  homophonic line.7. An example of a double reed musical instrument is theA.  bassoon.B.   piccolo.C.  saxophone.D.  clarinet.8. In _______ texture, every line is a melody.A.  polyphonicB.   monophonicC.  homophonicD.  harmonic9. What does it mean when cadences are elided?A.  A single syllable of text is sung to many notes.B.   The melodic lines are sung by three singers.C.  A new line of text and music begins before the previous one has come to a complete stop.D.  The notes run against the regular pulse of the musical meter, with accents on beats other than “1” and “3.”10. When a composer sets a single syllable of a word to several notes of music, he or she is using _______ style.A.  melismaticB.   cadenceC.  plainchantD.  syllabic11. Renaissance composers used which of the following to create polyphonic textures?A.  Ternary formsB.   CounterpointC.  Word-paintingD.  Elision12. Which of the following statements is not true of music written in the major mode?A.  All national anthems begin and end in the major mode.B.   Music written in the major mode generally conveys optimism and joy.C.  The major mode corresponds to the scale produced by singing “do-re-mi-fa-so-la-ti-do.”D.  Two of the seven notes are slightly higher than those of the minor mode and thus create a different kind of sound.13. A _______ is a sacred choral work composed by those writing for the Roman Catholic Church.A.  madrigalB.   plainchantC.  secular songD.  motet14. Roy will play a melody in triple meter and place the pulse of the meter on the first beat. Chuck will play the triple meter melody and place the pulse of the meter on the third beat. Who is playing the melody with the correct pulse?A.  ChuckB.   Both are playing the melody correctly.C.  RoyD.  Neither is playing the melody correctly.15. In plainchant, a sentence of text almost always ends withA.  the note D.B.   disjunct motion.C.  cadence.D.  a minor chord.16. Which song exemplifies four-voice Renaissance polyphony, with each voice playing an equally important role?A.  “The Cricket”B.   “Sing Joyfully”C.  “Since Robin Hood”D.  “My Lord Help Me to Pray”17. Which one of the following was one of the most popular instruments in Medieval and Renaissance times and occasionally involved the use of plectrum to play it?A.  VielleB.   LuteC.  ShawmD.  Organ portative18. In musical language, mezzo forte (mf) signals that the music’s volume should beA.  soft.B.   medium loud.C.  very loud.D.  medium soft.19. Native American chant incorporates meaningless sung syllables called _______, which serve as a form of melodic instrument.A.  drone bassesB.   pulsesC.  vocablesD.  duple meters20. The texture of Gregorian chant is said to beA.  monophonic.B.   homophonic.C.  heterophonic.D.  polyphonic. Exam: 250451RR – The Baroque Era 1. Which of the following statement about Baroque music is true?A.  The form is primarily sectional.B.   Word painting is limited.C.  The melody is lyrical and rare virtuosic.D.  Polyphonic and homophonic textures coexist.2. Which of the following type of polyphony is used in a fugue?A.  EpisodicB.   Fugal expositionC.  Imitative counterpointD.  Middle entry3. Very few of compositions written by _______ were published during his lifetime.A.  PurcellB.   HandelC.  VivaldiD.  Bach4. _______ is a form of polyphony consisting of two or more rhythmically interlocking voices.A.  HocketB.   OratorioC.  OstinatoD.  Call-and-response5. The Baroque period began around the yearA.  1500.B.   1050.C.  1600.D.  1750.6. An instruments-only piece played at the opening of an opera is known as a/anA.  aria.B.   overture.C.  procession.D.  prima prattica.7. The _______ is a musical form that utilizes multiple soloists.A.  Gothic motetB.   sarabandeC.  concerto grossoD.  chorale prelude8. The musical instrument referred to as the “King of Instruments” is theA.  human voice.B.   tuba.C.  violin.D.  organ.9. The use of two violins and a basso continuo forms which kind of music?A.  Trio sonataB.   Sonata da cameraC.  Sonata da chiesaD.  Cantata10. Which type of music features a vocal quartet in which each voice has its own role, and the bass singer handles the repeated foundation part, often in the form of a short phrase of nonsense syllables?A.  Program musicB.   Doo wopC.  OperaD.  Fugue11. Which of the following is the most frequently performed of all early operas?A.  Awake, a Voice Calls to UsB.   Dido and AeneasC.  The Four SeasonsD.  Orpheus12. A style of vocal music that’s a cross between singing and speaking is commonly referred to asA.  pavane.B.   gigue.C.  polychoral.D.  recitative.13. Another word for “round” is A. sarabande.B.   rhapsdy.C.  gigue.D.  canon.14. _______ is the repetition of one pattern of notes and rhythms.A.  TuttiB.   RefrainC.  OstinatoD.  Tonic15. When a melody of the same hymn tune as the rest of the work is used, it’s known as aA.  oratorio.B.   cantata.C.  chorale.D.  ritornello.16. Which of the following pieces features multiple soloists, including a trumpet, oboe, violin, and recorder?A.  Orpheus, selection from Act IIB.   Fugue in G MinorC.  Dido and Aeneas, Overture and Act I, nos. 1–14D.  Brandenburg Concerto no. 217. All of the following instruments would be likely to play the basso continuo in a Baroque musical piece, except theA.  cello.B.   harpsichord.C.  violin.D.  lute.18. Which part on a violin supports the strings?A.  The fingerboardB.   The chin restC.  The tailpieceD.  The bridge19. Handel’s Messiah is classified as a/anA.  chorale.B.   oratorio.C.  cantata.D.  opera.20. Which composer was nicknamed the Red Priest?A.  HandelB.   VivaldiC.  BachD.  StrozziExam: 250452RR – The Classical Era 1. The second section of a sonata is commonly called theA.  development.B.   coda.C.  exposition.D.  recapitulation.2. The scene in which Dorothy returns to Kansas in the movie The Wizard of Oz can be likened to which part of a sonata’s form?A.  TonicB.   RecapitulationC.  ExpositionD.  Development3. The music of the Classical era reflects the principles ofA.  extravagance and unpredictability.B.   clarity and balance.C.  the splendor of the church.D.  ornamentation and extremes.4. What dates are commonly assigned to the Classical period?A.  1650—1720B.   1700—1800C.  1750—1800D.  1700—17505. The first section of a sonata in which the theme is presented is commonly called theA.  allegro.B.   prodigy.C.  recap.D.  exposition.6. When the Italian words da capo appear at the end of a measure, the musician is being instructed toA.  play the main part of the musical piece over again.B.   play the refrain.C.  play the next part of the music quietly.D.  hold the notes for an extra three beats.7. Which of the following instruments in a chamber orchestra typically provides the harmonic underpinning for other melodic instruments but can carry the principal melody on their own as well?A.  TimpaniB.   ViolinC.  ViolaD.  Cello8. The dialogue in an opera is translated for the audience in theA.  perdonate.B.   score.C.  libretto.D.  paggio.9. Which of the following does opera buffa portray?A.  Historical characters and situationsB.   Real-life characters and situationsC.  Mythological characters and storiesD.  Religious characters and stories10. In an opera, the standard accompaniment for a recitative isA.  sung by a soprano.B.   played by the orchestra.C.  the basso continuo alone.D.  a function of the string quartet.11. While a string quartet is a collaborative enterprise, which musician usually takes the lead in a performance?A.  The second violinistB.   The first violinistC.  The violistD.  The cellist12. The Japanese koto is what type of instrument?A.  WindB.   StringC.  BrassD.  Percussion13. Japanese music uses a _______ scale; instead of having seven notes, typically the scales have only five.A.  double-expositionB.   rondoC.  gappedD.  cadenza14. In a string quartet, the bass instrument is theA.  bass guitar.B.   drum.C.  cello.D.  viola.15. The double exposition concerto form differs from the standard sonata form in thatA.  it’s played by two pianos.B.   the exposition stays in the same key.C.  it includes a single refrain.D.  it has a cadenza.16. Which of Mozart’s works is for a string quartet and two horns, is full of intentional mistakes, and pokes fun at bad composers?A.    “Requiem”B.   “String Quartet in G Minor”C.  A Musical JokeD.  A Little Serenade17. Which one of the following patterns represents the rondo form?A.  AABBCB.   ABCDC.  ABACAD.  DCBA18. Singing the alphabet song to the tune of Mozart’s “Ah, vous dirai-je, maman” is an example ofA.  plagiarism.B.   musical appropriation.C.  musical duplication.D.  thematic variation.19. The last “act” of a sonata is known as theA.  recapitulation.B.   rondo.C.  cadenza.D.  secondary key area.20. A sonata closes with a/anA.  coda.B.   AntecedentC.  exposition.D.  recapitulation.Exam: 250453RR – The Nineteenth Century, Part 1 .1. Symphonie fantastique, which depicts an artist’s execution by guillotine, was written by the nineteenth centur composerA.  Caspar David Friedrich.B.   Hector Berlioz.C.  Gioacchino Rossini.D.  Franz Schubert2. Which composer called himself a tone poet?A.  SchumannB.   SchubertC.  BeethovenD.  Mendelssohn3. Berlioz provided _______ to his audiences as an overview of the dramatic structure of his work.A.  programsB.   librettosC.  scoresD.  transcripts4. Which composer wrote a movement that might have a hidden text behind it, even though it is for instruments alone?A.  Felix MendelssohnB.   Ludwig van BeethovenC.  Hector BerliozD.  Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel5. Which composer wrote Lieder that serve as settings of verse by the greatest writers of the time, as well as those that draw on works by poets who are largely forgotten today?A.  BeethovenB.   SchumannC.  ShubertD.  Berlioz6. How many singers are required before the group is considered an a cappella chorus?A.  Four singers total are needed.B.   Only one or two singers per part are all that is needed.C.  There should be 8–10 singers to a part.D.  The number of singers can vary.7. If a sound increases 5 dB, the sound becomes _______ times louder.A.  fiveB.   fifteenC.  threeD.  ten8. The piano trio has been a popular instrument since the middle of the _______ century.A.  seventeenthB.   nineteenthC.  sixteenthD.  eighteenth9. Franz Schubert was known for having writtenA.  four operas.B.     hundreds of Lieder.C.  11 symphonies.D.  100 violin concertos.10. _______ music is generally associated with nonmusical ideas and objects.A.  RecitalB.   ChracterC.  ProgramD.  Literary11. Who wrote a piece in which the third movement is titled “Scene in the Countryside”?A.  SchumannB.   SchubertC.  BerliozD.  Beethoven12. When you hear a recurring melody in a programmatic piece like Symphonie fantastique, you’re experiencing which of the following?A.  CodaB.   Idée fixeC.  ModeD.  Polyphony13. During which movement in Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony do double variations appear?A.  SecondB.   ThirdC.  FirstD.  Fourth14. Which violin virtuoso was rumored to have made a pact with the devil to achieve his master of the instrument?A.  Franz LisztB.   Ignacy Jan PadrewskiC.  Niccolò PaganiniD.  Gioacchino Rossini15. _______ was called the “Valkyrie of the Piano.”A.  Fanny Mendelssohn HenselB.   Clara Wieck SchumannC.  Louise FarrencD.  Teresa Carreno16. In the overture to A Midsummer Night’s Dream, the kingdom of the fairies, led by Oberon and Titania, is represented by theA.  triangle.B.   piccolo.C.  strings.D.  flute.17. The piano became a popular instrument for middle-class families whenA.  Dvořák composed The American.B.   mass production became possible.C.  the Transcontinental Railroad was completed.D.  the Civil War ended.18. In which register is the narrator’s voice in Schubert’s “Elrkõning”?A.  One of the highestB.   A neutral oneC.  The loudestD.  The softest19. Which of following composers is depicted in Josef Danhauser’s Franz Liszt at the Piano?A.  SchubertB.   BeethovenC.  BerliozD.  Gottschalk20. Both Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union prohibited which of the following kinds of music?A.  French folksongsB.   Italian operaC.  Some types of jazzD.  Marches Exam: 250454RR – The Nineteenth Century, Part 2 1. Which composer had a longstanding business relationship with a major piano manufacturer and endorsed its instruments?A.  Ravi ShankarB.   Giuseppe VerdiC.  Louis Moreau GottschalkD.  Richard Wagner2. Which piece helped coin the term “It ain’t over ‘til the Fat Lady sings”?A.  Symphony no. 4 in E. Minor, op. 98B.   La TraviataC.  The ValkyrieD.  String Quartet in F Major, op. 963. In Verdi’s La Traviata, Violetta sings _______ when unsure of herself.A.  in a lower keyB.   in recitativeC.  a virtuosoD.  an aria4. A single pair of notes played repeatedly in succession is known as a/anA.  drone bass.B.   sotto voce.C.  a capella.D.  hee haw.5. Ravi Shankar is known for his mastery of the 18-stringed lute called theA.  sitar.B.   jhala tar.C.  ragar.D.  table.6. Which one of the following musical notations allows performers to improvise slightly with the tempo?A.  RubatoB.   ModeratoC.  AllegrettoD.  Sostenuto7. _______ exemplifies the best elements of nineteenth-century Italian opera.A.  PagliacciB.   RigolettoC.  La TraviataD.  La Boheme8. A raga solo always begins with the sounding of _______ tones.A.  ascendingB.   descendingC.  octavalD.  atonal9. To show his intense national pride, _______ wrote a large number of mazurkas.A.  Antonin DvořákB.   Ravi ShankarC.  Giuseppe VerdiD.  Frédéric Chopin10. In Symphony no. 4 in E. Minor, op. 98, Brahms use orchestration to create a sense of forward movement and contrast among the _______ different variations.A.  25B.   20C.  30D.  1511. The third movement of Antonin Dvořák’s “String Quartet in F Major” contains a light-hearted passage in a fast tempo and in triple meter called aA.  variation.B.   rondo.C.  scherzo.D.  prelude.12. In opera, a brief musical phrase or idea connected to some person, event, or idea is known as a/anA.  exposition.B.   overture.C.  leitmotif.D.  ode.13. Johannes Brahms wrote only _______ symphonies, but they’re all mainstays of today’s concert repertory.A.  nineB.   fourC.  sevenD.  five14. Which of the following is a trait of nineteenth century music?A.  It marks the establishment of the modern orchestra.B.   The texture is both polyphonic and homophonic, but on the whole more homophonic.C.  The rhythm is highly varied, from simple to complex.D.  It features more smoothly flowing melodies.15. Who wrote the opera that was commissioned to celebrate the opening of the Suez Canal?A.  Antonin DvořákB.   Johannes BrahmsC.  Richard WagnerD.  Giuseppe Verdi16. Which of the following was a common band instrument during the American Civil War?A.  BanjoB.   OboeC.  TimpaniD.  Fife17. Which composer is said to epitomize Romanticism?A.  Louis Moreau GottschalkB.   Frédéric ChopinC.  Richard WagnerD.  Antonin Dvořák18. Which composer called the drama—the events transpiring on the stage—”deeds of music made visible”?A.  Giuseppe VerdiB.   Antonin DvořákC.  Johannes BrahmsD.  Richard Wagner19. Louis Moreau Gottschalk’s Union: Concert Paraphrase on National Airs was written forA.  chamber orchestra.B.   orchestra.C.  string quartet.D.  piano.20. The various melodies heard in Antonin Dvořák’s “String Quartet in F Major” have a/an _______ quality.A.  operaticB.   folk-likeC.  jazz-likeD.  virtuosicExam: 250455RR – The Twentieth Century, Part 1 .1. Roland says that Ruth Crawford Seeger was a modernist composer. Clive says that she was a collector and arranger of American folksongs. Who is correct?A.  Only Roland is correct.B.   Only Clive is correct.C.  Neither Roland nor Clive is correct.D.  Both Roland and Clive are correct.2. In the first years of the twentieth century, _______ was perceived as a threat to the “moral, spiritual, mental, and even physical well-being” of the nation.A.  bebopB.   downhome bluesC.  ragtimeD.  big band jazz3. Which composer was known for improvisation?A.  Charles IvesB.   Arnold SchoenbergC.  Ruth CrawfordD.  Charlie Parker4. Bebop is a style ofA.  jazz.B.   fusion.C.  pop.D.  ragtime.5. Which composer believed that music is all too often treated as a “narcotic,” something that dulls the senses rather than arouses them?A.  Ruth CrawfordB.   Duke EllingtonC.  Charles IvesD.  Arnold Schoenberg6. In The Unanswered Question, the strings are playedA.  as if they’re playing a slow hymn quietly with an even tempo.B.   fast and loud for shock value.C.  in unresolved and virtuosic dissonance.D.  in constant competition with the brass.7. Which of the following composers sought to obtain a nonpercussive sound from the piano in his compositions?A.  Claude DebussyB.   Duke EllingtonC.  Charles IvesD.  Charlie Parker8. Which work should be considered as a piece that travels through the dimension of space, starting low, moving upward, and returning back to where it started?A.  “Cotton Tail”B.   Rite of SpringC.  Piano Study in Mixed AccentsD.  “Ornithology”9. For some audiences, musical change in the twentieth century was a bit tooA.  slow-paced.B.   novel.C.  fast-paced.D.  modern.10. Which composer’s work veered away from sounding conventionally beautiful and instead strove to capture pain itself?A.  Arnold SchoenbergB.   Ruth CrawfordC.  Robert JohnsonD.  Igor Stravinsky11. Jody says that atonal harmony establishes a harmonic center of gravity. Sean says that tonal harmony doesn’t have a harmonic center of gravity. Who is correct?A.  Only Jody is correct.B.   Neither Jody nor Sean is correct.C.  Both Jody and Sean are correct.D.  Only Sean is correct.12.The smallest distance between two adjacent notes on a piano is aA.  quarter note.B.   whole note.C.  half step.D.  whole step.13. A _______ is the range in which the music is presented.A.  headB.   sequenceC.  registerD.  hemiola14. _______ was one of the most lucrative parts of the music business at the end of the nineteenth century.A.  Selling instrumentsB.   Providing music lessonsC.  Writing sheet musicD.  Giving concerts15. Modernism, a movement that represented an abolishment of tradition and a quest for novelty, took place when?A.  Middle nineteenth centuryB.   Early twentieth centuryC.  Early twenty-first centuryD.  Classical period16. Who played the clarinet in Duke Ellington’s band in the mid-to-late 1930s?A.  Duke EllingtonB.   Barney BigardC.  Rex StewartD.  Sonny Greer17. A _______ scale is based on five notes.A.  pentatonicB.   ostinatoC.  polytonicD.  octaval18. The angular, dissonant, and challenging melodies that are the core of bebop are calledA.  heads.B.   souls.C.  hearts.D.  leads.19. Music that doesn’t center on a particular key is referred to as A. nontonal.B.   intoned.C.  atonal.D.  untoned.20. Expressionism gave priority to _______ over beauty.A.  truthB.   emotionC.  surrealism D.  virtuosityExam: 250456RR – The Twentieth Century, Part 2 .1. Which of the following musicals was the first to tackle the issue of racism?A.  RentB.   My Fair LadyC.  Show BoatD.  South Pacific2. “The Walls Converge” is an example of _______ music.A.  non-diegeticB.   neoclassicalC.  postmodernD.  diegetic3. Which of the following is a strophic song?A.  “Fight the Power”B.   “School Day”C.  “Knee Play 1″D.  “Nascence”4. The first African American to have a major opera performed by a major American opera company wasA.  Langston Hughes.B.   Scott Joplin.C.  Robert Johnson.D.  William Grant Still.5. A modern-day retelling of Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet is carried out in the musicalA.  The Mikado.B.   H.M.S. Pinafore.C.  My Fair Lady.D.  West Side Story.6. _______ composers were not attempting to recreate or imitate past styles, but to incorporate past styles into a contemporary idiom.A.  OperaB.   NeoclassicalC.  NationalistD.  Art song7. Debussy’s Voiles was inspired by a Javanese ensemble known as aA.  gong.B.   gamelan.C.  quartet.D.  wave.8. Which of the following is used in Sonata II’s prepared piano?A.  Small pieces of rubberB.   Copper wireC.  CoinsD.  Wooden blocks9. The “classic” in “Neoclassical” refers to the music of the _______ century in general.A.  seventeenthB.   sixteenthC.  eighteenthD.  nineteenth10. What does the word kebyar mean?A.  ExplosiveB.   InterlockingC.  EnsembleD.  Shimmering/p>11. Tamra says that the difference between an opera and a musical is that the opera includes more spoken word than singing. Eduardo says that the musical contains singing with some spoken dialog. Who is correct?A.  Both Tamra and EduardoB.   Neither Tamra nor EduardoC.  TamraD.  Eduardo12. When a scale goes by so fast we almost can’t hear the individual notes, it’s calledA.  through-composed.B.   a glissando.C.  a rondo.D.  an operetta.13. _______ music is based on frequent repetition (with small variations) of a small musical idea.A.  OstinatoB.   AtonalC.  RapD.  Minimalist14. A repeated melodic and rhythmic figure in the lower register of the piano is typical of the Afro-Cuban dance music known asA.  reggae.B.   salsa.C.  mambo.D.  guaguancó.15. What is the second step in the process of composing a musical soundtrack?A.  The composer develops ideas based on the general outline of the story and genre.B.   The orchestra records the score.C.  The music editor superimposes the recorded soundtrack onto the film.D.  The orchestra rehearses the score.16. The type of music that blended the musical styles of jump blues and honky-tonk wasA.    Motown.B.   jazz.C.  hip hop.D.  rock ‘n’ roll.17. Minimalist techniques have been applied in many different kinds of music, includingA.  hip-hop.B.   techno.C.  reggae.D.  rock ‘n’ roll.18. Which of the following composers wrote the music for West Side Story?A.  Jerome KernB.   Cole PorterC.  George M. CohanD.  Leonard Bernstein19. A musical style that combines traditional and modern elements is calledA.  exhibitionism.B.   postmodernism.C.  minimalism.D.  modernism.20. The _______ is a xylophone-like instrument with tubular resonators under each bar.A.  marimbaB.   congaC.  suspended cymbalD.  piccoloExam: 250465RR – Music Appreciation Final Exam 1. Which of the following is a genre for voice and piano that was popular from the late eighteenth century onward?A.  LiedB.   ImpromptuC.  FantasieD.  Episode2. _______ is the most obvious element that John Williams uses to convey shifting moods within “The Walls Converge.”A.  HarmonyB.   RhythmC.  TimbreD.  Melody3. The _______ voice is the lowest register in vocal music.A.  tenorB.   sopranoC.  altoD.  bass4. Verdi uses three distinct types of melody in La Traviata, Act 1: declamatory, virtuosic, andA.  ostinato.B.   lyrical.C.  staccato.D.  twelve tone.5. A group of instruments or voices with similar timbres within the ensemble is theA.  tenors.B.   section.C.  orchestra.D.  voicing.6. The Renaissance period in musical history lasted from aboutA.  1650 to 1750.B.   1425 to 1600.C.  1500 to 1789.D.  1450 to 1750.7. How many symphonies did Brahms write?A.  SevenB.   SixC.  NineD.  Four8. The _______ is an example of a non-pitched instrument.A.  cachicheB.   xylophoneC.  marimbaD.  vibraphone9. Which step of a minor scale is slightly lower than the corresponding step of a major scale?A.  ThirdB.   SeventhC.  FourthD.  Fifth10. Notes in a major key are considered _______ notes.A.  sadB.   happyC.  flatD.  bland11. The estampie and the saltarello are twoA.  syllabic text-settings.B.   medieval dances.C.  Italian musical instruments.D.  African musical instruments.12. _______ called for a style that was free, individualized, and extravagant.A.  BluesB.   BebopC.  Rhythm and bluesD.  Hip hop13. When we hear three or more notes played simultaneously, we’re hearing aA.  polyphonic texture.B.   melodyC.  chord.D.  monophonic line.14. The combination of antecedent and consequent units that make a larger whole is theA.  periodic phrase structure.B.   punctuation.C.  theme and variations form.D.  full cadence.15. The repetition (AA), variation (AA’), and contrast (AB) of a piece of music are all part of the music’sA.  timbre.B.   genre.C.  texture.D.  form.16. Which one of the following composers sometimes featured American folk melodies in his compositions?A.  Charlie ParkerB.   John ColtraneC.  Aaron CoplandD.  Xavier Cugat17. According to your textbook, which composer is considered to be one of the most radical composers who ever lived?A.  BeethovenB.   CageC.  VerdiD.  Wagner18. “Erlkönig” is one of the hundreds of songs written byA.  Schubert.B.   Haydn.C.  Chopin.D.  Schumann.19. What is a term for traditional Turkish finger cymbals common throughout the Middle East?A.  TimbalesB.   ShawmC.  CachicheD.  Zill20. In _______ music in a movie, the characters do not hear the music.A.  postmodernB.   non-digeticC.  sampledD.  anti-minimalist21. The Broadway musical is descended from theA.  oratorio.B.   recitative.C.  operetta.D.  aria.22. Which of the following is an example of a crossover artist?A.  Chuck BerryB.   Public EnemyC.  Austin WintoryD.  Duke Ellington23. The _______ of a song are often referred to as stanzas.A.  versesB.   measuresC.  beatsD.  notes24. Who wrote The Nutcracker?A.  Alexandr PushkinB.   Pyotr TchaikovskyC.  Felix MendelssohnD.  Boris Gudonov25. The distinction between “classical” and “popular” music is sometimes quiteA.  easily identifiable.B.   pointless.C.  meaningful.D.  difficult to discern.26. A _______ is a type of folk song that tells a story.A.  canonB.   balladC.  broadsideD.  hoedown27. Which of the following is the name for the main tune in jazz?A.  StanzaB.   ImprovisationC.  HeadD.  Sequence28. Which instrument is part of a piano trio?A.  viola.B.   harp.C.  violin.D.  flute.29. What is the pattern of the Standard Song Form?A.  ABBAB.   ABABC.  ABACD.  AABA30. The instrument that can create sound digitally and can mimic other instruments by adding partials to the fundamentals is theA.  synthesizer.B.   oscilloscope.C.  waza.D.  organ.31. Von Bingen’s Play of Virtues is a good example of a type of music calledA.  wenchang.B.   recitation.C.  plainchant.D.  vocal quartet.32. A/an _______ is a work that sets new words to an existing melody.A.  appropriationB.   scoringC.  contrafactumD.  orchestration33. The character of a sound is referred to as itsA.  timbre.B.   pitch.C.  line.D.  texture.34. Music sung without instrumental accompaniment is calledA.  ordo virtutum.B.   a capella.C.  figured bass.D.  countersubject.35. The term ritornello principle plays a huge part in aA.  concerto grosso.B.   sonata.C.  virtuoso cadenza.D.  suite.36. Gottschalk’s Union is an example of _______ as an attempt to connect purely instrumental music with the wider world of events and ideas.A.  modernismB.   program musicC.  liederD.  art songs37. What is the musical term for a verse of poetry in a song?A.  CantoB.   RefrainC.  StropheD.  Chorus38. What term is used to describe the combination of contrasting melodies played at the same time?A.  CounterpointB.   ImitationC.  RoundD.  Polyrhythm39. What is the musical term for a prescribed series of pitches that step upward or downward?A.  ScaleB.   MeterC.  CadenceD.  Measure40. The Italian word for “prayer hall,” which refers to a piece of music that includes recitatives, arias, and choruses, isA.  opera.B.   operetta.C.  oratorio.D.  opera buffa.

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